Medicare Advantage Star Ratings have been released for 2017 and for some large insurers, the news isn’t pretty. The news is substantially better for smaller, regional plans which follows a historic trend. However, whether or not a 5 star plan is available to you largely depends on where you live. What does this mean for you and your wallet? Read on.
Medicare Star Ratings – Why They’re Important to You
The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services’ (CMS) five-star ratings of private Medicare plans are a big deal for insurance companies, as higher ratings are tied to considerable bonus payments from CMS to them. Check out my post on Star Ratings for additional background by clicking here.
Some of these payments can be kept by the insurer as pure profit, however a percentage of these must be invested back into the Medicare Advantage plan as increased (better) benefits or lower monthly premiums. That’s good for you, the consumer as this essentially makes these products more attractive. Makes sense, right? Higher star ratings generally means better benefits and lower premiums which attracts more customers.
If a MAPD or Prescription Drug Plan (PDP) achieves 5-star status in any given year, the real “win” for that company is that they can enroll members year-round, while other insurance companies can only do so during the Annual Election Period (AEP) which runs from October 15 through December 7. Essentially, achieving five stars gives the plan a huge sales and marketing advantage over their competitors.
The Medicare Advantage (MAPD) landscape across the county is largely occupied by big insurance companies like United Healthcare (AARP brand) Blue Cross and Blue Shield, Humana, Cigna and Aetna. However, there are many smaller companies who also offer MAPD plans for sale that are regional in nature. Historically, it’s the smaller companies that have been awarded high star ratings, and that trend continues for 2017.
The Large Insurers – Star Ratings Performance
#1. Let’s start with Aetna, which also operates as Coventry in many states. Looks like they were the big winner this year among the large insurance companies. For 2017, 91 percent of the insurer’s MA members will be in four-star or higher Medicare Advantage and prescription drug (MA-PD) plans. Aetna recently noted it has the highest percentage of Medicare members enrolled in four-star plans among publicly traded companies. No Aetna plans achieved a 5 star rating for 2017.
#2. Anthem, the parent company of many Blue Cross and Blue Shield plans said nearly 51 percent of their Medicare Advantage members will be enrolled in plans that achieved four stars or higher and approximately 22 percent of members enrolled in plans that achieved four stars or higher in 2016. So while the overall number of members in a highly-rated plan is high, no Anthem plans achieved a 5 star rating for 2017.
#3. United Healthcare/AARP hasn’t sent out a press release, and didn’t address their Star Ratings in their latest earnings call. However a quick review of their plans shows they achieved one 5 star rating in an HMO that serves several Texas markets.
4. Cigna and Humana (which are in the middle of merger discussions) saw a reduction in its ratings, as next year only 20 percent of its MA customers will be in plans with four stars or higher. To throw gas onto the fire, Cigna is still on a government-imposed sales and marketing ban and isn’t expected to be allowed to enroll new members into their Medicare Advantage and PDP plans until early 2017.
Smaller Insurance Companies Perform Better…Again
CMS announcement of the 2017 Medicare star quality ratings, Kaiser Permanente’s Northern and Southern California, Colorado, Northwest and Mid-Atlantic States regions received 5 out of 5 stars each, the highest overall rating. Kaiser Permanente’s Georgia and Hawaii regions earned 4.5 out of 5 stars.
In fact, you won’t find any “household name” companies other than Kaiser and the one United Healthcare plan achieved 5 stars this year.
Overall MAPD and PDP Quality Improving
According to CMS, approximately 49 percent of MAPDs in 2017 earned four stars or higher, which is up slightly from 2015.
Overall, CMS said nearly 70 percent of Medicare Advantage enrollees will still be in plans that receive at least four stars for quality in 2017.
Just over half of private Medicare customers signed up for plans that received at least four stars in 2014. But the new figure is down slightly from this year, when just over 70 percent of the 17 million-plus Medicare Advantage customers enrolled in the high-quality plans.
There has been similar improvement in quality ratings for prescription drug plans. Just over 40 percent of Medicare beneficiaries who enroll in stand-alone prescription drug plans are expected to be in plans with at least four stars next year. That’s up from just 9 percent who were enrolled in such high-performing plans in 2014.
2017 MAPD 5-Star Rated Plans
KelseyCare Plan Administrators
Kaiser Foundation Health Plan
Kaiser Foundation Health Plan of Colorado
Kaiser Foundation of the Mid-Atlantic States
States: District of Columbia, 11 counties in Maryland, 9 counties in Virginia
Tufts Associated Health Maintenance Organization
Blue Cross Blue Shield of Massachusetts HMO Blue
Group Health Plan
States: Minnesota, Wisconsin
United Healthcare AARP Medicare Complete Plan 1
Physicians Health Choice of Texas
Capital District Physicians’ Health Plan Universal Benefits
State: New York
Gundersen Health Plan
States: Iowa, Wisconsin
Kaiser Foundation Health Plan of the Northwest
States: Oregon, Washington
Almost 18.5 million individuals will be enrolled in private Medicare Advantage plans next year, representing about one-third of all beneficiaries. The higher the Star Rating, the more money the insurance company receives from CMS. A portion of that bonus money must be spent on better benefits and lower premiums, which is good for you and your wallet. If you are lucky enough to live in an area boasting a 5-star plan in 2017, you may enroll in those plans anytime during the year; you don’t have to wait until the next AEP.